When Shira Zagury joined the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation of Israel as CEO eight years ago, only one cystic fibrosis (CF) patient sat on the nine-member board of directors. Today, five of the nine are adults with CF — a reflection of the ever-increasing life expectancy of those born with the disease.
Israel, with nearly 8.9 million inhabitants, is home to 680 registered CF patients — including 150 Arabs — and roughly 350,000 carriers. The genetic disease was long thought to be associated with Ashkenazi or European Jewish ancestry, though it’s also found among Sephardim (Jews from North Africa and the Middle East) as well as more recently arrived black Jews from Ethiopia.
Zagury said she knows of several cases in which women who were told they weren’t carriers gave birth to children with CF because they had mutations for which they had not been tested.
“We’re now in a big fight with Israel’s Ministry of Health over the screening panel,” Zagury said. “Today they check only 14 mutations, but four years ago our association screened all patients who didn’t know which mutation they have — and we now know of 72 mutations in Israel. We have asked the ministry to include about 60 more mutations in the panel.”
Zagury spoke with Cystic Fibrosis News Today from CFF Israel’s headquarters in Ramat Gan, a suburb of Tel Aviv. She was joined by Danny Italiaander, a board member whose 16-year-old son, Amichai, has CF.
The organization was established 51 years ago, at a time when there was little knowledge in Israel about CF. Soon after that, the country’s first CF clinic opened at Tel HaShomer Hospital’s Sheba Medical Center; its director was pulmonologist Daniel Katznelson, now 95.
CFF Israel today employs 10 people, including four social workers, two pharmacists, one physiotherapist, and other staffers. It operates on an annual budget of $1 million.
Nonprofit fills gaps for CF patients
Despite official state recognition of CF as a chronic rare illness, the Israeli Health Ministry and various health plans only partially supply special treatments, therapies and other essential needs. CFF Israel fills this gap by providing funding for:
- lung transplants, including support before and after surgery, and the operation of a transplant clinic for CF patients;
- six multi-disciplinary CF clinics in hospitals throughout Israel, including Sheba (Tel Aviv); Schneider Children’s Medical Center (Petah Tikva); Hadassah Medical Center (Jerusalem); Rambam Health Care and Carmel Hospital (both in Haifa); and Soroka Medical Center (Beersheva);
- acquisition of medical equipment and accessory medical treatment;
- educational assistance for children who cannot attend school due to hospitalization; tutoring programs, enrichment programs, and virtual study groups;
- support workshops for CF patients and their families;
- programs focusing on exercise, including the purchase of exercise equipment;
- financial aid for medication and food supplements not covered in healthcare packages.
“Six years ago, thanks to our foundation, physiotherapy treatment for CF was included in Israel’s ‘health basket’ of coverage for the first time,” Zagury said. “We were behind it, but the Ministry of Health thought it was science fiction, that it would never work, because families got reimbursed after doing the treatment. But it was such a success that now patients with other rare diseases, like A-T syndrome and PCD [primary ciliary dyskinesia], get physiotherapy treatment covered too.”
To date, 38 Israelis with CF have received lung transplants. The first was performed 20 years ago on a woman who is still alive thanks to the procedure, which was completely covered by the country’s health system.
Yet Zagury said the supplemental aid her organization provides is crucial, because 20 percent of the families of CF patients are living at or below the poverty level.
Italiaander dedicates one day a week for fundraising and organizing events, such as a recent concert in the Tel Aviv suburb of Ra’anana, and a July wine-tasting party in London. He has also visited New York and Palo Alto, California, to expand CFF Israel’s philanthropic network.
Focus on treatment, not research
CF research is alive and well in Israel, as evidenced by the fact that some 20 Israeli scientists traveled to Serbia in June to attend the 41st European Cystic Fibrosis Conference in Belgrade. These included Hannah Blau, MD, director of the Pulmonary Institute at Schneider; Malena Cohen-Cymberknoh, MD, and Professor Eitan Kerem, both of Hadassah; and Moshe Ashkenazi, MD, of Sheba Medical Center’s Edmond and Lily Safra Children’s Hospital.
In addition, Israeli entrepreneurs are behind two companies making headlines in the CF world: Yuval Cohen, CEO of Corbus Pharmaceuticals, which in January received $25 million from the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation in Bethesda, Maryland, to help finance a six-month Phase 2b clinical trial testing lenabasum; and Amir Avniel, president of Advanced Inhalation Therapies (AIT), which is developing a promising nitric oxide treatment to fight CF lung infections.
But CFF Israel leaves research to the scientists; the foundation is mainly concerned with the day-to-day welfare of patients with the disease.
“We have consciously chosen not to focus our resources on research,” Italiaander said. “We rely on enormous resources that already exist in the U.S., keeping our fingers on the pulse, and making sure that if something reaches a Phase 3 clinical trial, it is immediately brought to Israel. That’s where we see our responsibility. But our own resources go to treatment.”
Italiaander’s son is one of 13 patients in Israel taking Kalydeco (ivacaftor), a CFTR modulator therapy developed by Vertex Pharmaceuticals that normally costs $250,000 to $300,000 a year. But in Israel, it’s included in the healthcare basket.
“This shows we have excellent coverage when it comes to expensive breakthrough medications,” he said. After two years of fighting for it, Orkambi (ivacaftor/lumacaftor) became covered Jan. 1; at the moment, 49 Israelis are receiving such treatment.
But with only $1 million a year, and just 2 percent of its funds coming from the government, there’s only so much the organization can do.
“Most of our budget goes to the CF families themselves, then our payroll, and also to lobbying. There is simply no money to invest in research,” said Italiaander, explaining that CFF Israel depends almost exclusively on very small donations.
“What we don’t have is one person or foundation that can make a significant donation and take us to the next level,” he added. “My goal is to double the annual budget. The support we’re giving to families right now is very limited, and not nearly as much as they need to cover their expenses. We also want to do more government lobbying. There’s so much work to be done.”